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政府工作报告英文版学习笔记

2017-08-08 02:28 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
     小伙伴们一起来看看出国留学网英语栏目的小编为大家带来的“政府工作报告英文版学习笔记”吧希望对大家有所帮助哦!
     今年要重点做好八个方面工作。
     This year, we will carry out the following eight tasks:
     稳定和完善宏观经济政策,保持经济运行在合理区间。我们宏观调控还有创新手段和政策储备,既要立足当前、有针对性地出招,顶住经济下行压力,又要着眼长远、留有后手、谋势蓄势。继续实施积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策,创新宏观调控方式,加强区间调控、定向调控、相机调控,统筹运用财政、货币政策和产业、投资、价格等政策工具,采取结构性改革尤其是供给侧结构性改革举措,为经济发展营造良好环境。
     1. Improve and keep stable our macroeconomic policies to ensure that the economy performs within an appropriate range
     At present, we still have new instruments for macro regulation and a good reserve of policies at our disposal. On the one hand, on current realities and take targeted steps to withstand the downward pressure on the economy. On the other hand, have our long-term development goals in mind,, strategize our moves, and gathe policy, develop new approaches to macro regulation, strengthen range-based, targeted, and well-timed regulation,, investment, and pricing policy tools in a coordinated way, and implement structural reform, particularly supply-side structural reform, so as to create an enabling environment for economic development.
     积极的财政政策要加大力度。今年拟安排财政赤字2.18万亿元,比去年增加5600亿元,赤字率提高到3%。其中,中央财政赤字1.4万亿元,地方财政赤字7800亿元。安排地方专项债券4000亿元,继续发行地方政府置换债券。我国财政赤字率和政府负债率在世界主要经济体中相对较低,这样的安排是必要的、可行的,也是安全的。
     -- We will pursue a more proactive fiscal policy.
     The government deficit for 2016 is projected to be 2.18 trillion yuan, an increase of 560 billion yuan over last year, meaning the deficit-to-GDP ratio will rise to 3%. Of the deficit, 1.4 trillion yuan will be carried by the central government, and the remaining 780 billion yuan will be carried by local governments. Special bonds for local governments will total 400 billion yuan, and local government debt-converting bonds will continue to be issued. China's deficit-to-GDP ratio and government debt ratio are lower than those of other major economies; such steps are necessary, feasible, and also safe.
     适度扩大财政赤字,主要用于减税降费,进一步减轻企业负担。
     The moderate increase in government deficit is projected primarily to cover tax and fee reductions for enterprises, a step that will further reduce their burdens.
     今年将采取三项举措。一是全面实施营改增,从5月1日起,将试点范围扩大到建筑业、房地产业、金融业、生活服务业,并将所有企业新增不动产所含增值税纳入抵扣范围,确保所有行业税负只减不增。二是取消违规设立的政府性基金,停征和归并一批政府性基金,扩大水利建设基金等免征范围。
     The following three measures will be adopted this year.
     First, tax will be replaced with VAT in all sectors. Starting from May 1st, the scope of work to pilot this measure will be extended to the construction, real estate, financial,, and VAT deductions will cover all are reduced.
     Second, government-managed funds set up without authorization will be abolished; the collection of contributions to certain government-, and some of these funds will be consolidated; and more enterprises will be exempted from contributing to water conservancy construction funds and other government-managed funds.
     Note:
      society in all respects, deepen reform, advance the law-based governance of China, and strengthen Party self-conduct.
     三是将18项行政事业性收费的免征范围,从小微企业扩大到所有企业和个人。
     Third, exemptions from 18 administrative charges which currently apply only to small and microes will be expanded to include all enterprises and individuals.
     实施上述政策,今年将比改革前减轻企业和个人负担5000多亿元。同时,适当增加必要的财政支出和政府投资,加大对民生等薄弱环节的支持。创新财政支出方式,优化财政支出结构,该保的一定要保住,该减的一定要减下来。
     Through the above policies, the burdens on enterprises and individuals will be cut by more than 500 billion yuan this year. At the same time, we will increase government expenditures and investment as appropriate to work on living standards and other areas in need of strengthening. We will develop new ways for government funds to be spent and improve the government spending mix to ensure that all essential items receive sufficient funding, while non-essential items are cut.
     加快财税体制改革。推进中央与地方事权和支出责任划分改革,合理确定增值税中央和地方分享比例。把适合作为地方收入的税种下划给地方,在税政管理权限方面给地方适当放权。进一步压缩中央专项转移支付规模,今年一般性转移支付规模增长12.2%。全面推开资源税从价计征改革。依法实施税收征管。建立规范的地方政府举债融资机制,对财政实力强、债务风险较低的,按法定程序适当增加债务限额。各级政府要坚持过紧日子,把每一笔钱都花在明处、用在实处。
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