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四级阅读理解技巧——细节性问题

2018-04-10 03:04 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
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     ?关于细节性问题细节性问题是关于SupportingDetails类的问题,通过Skimming找出主题后,应进一步掌握阐述和发展主题的主要事实,或按要求找出特定细节。在回答此类问题时,应采用查读法,因为这些具体内容Detai1s是用来说明、论证或分析文章中心的。这类题目常以'WH-'形式来提问,如who,what,when,where,why及how等形式。这些问题的表达常不采用文章中的原话提问,而是使用同义词语等,因此,在选择答案前应首先看准题于,看清问题所问;
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     ?究竟;然后,在查读时注意寻找与题目相关的关键词语;最后,在充分理解原文、原题的基础上确定正确答案。
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     ?当然,这类细节性问题所涉及的面是很广的。有的涉及数字计算,如问时间、距离、次数、数量等,认真计算后方可选定正确答案;有的涉及正误判断,要先看选项,根据选项提供的线索,寻视文中相应部分,最后在题中选出肯定答案;还有的寻问事实、原因、结果、目的等。总之,做细节题切忌通过自己对某类知识的主观了解和认识做出想像判断,一定要紧扣文章内容,不可随心所欲。
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     ?细节类问题的命题方式有以下几种:
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     ?WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrue;tothe;inthepassage?
     ?Whichofthefollowingismentionedinthepassage?
     ?Whatistheexampleof...asdescribedinthepassage?
     ?Theauthormentionsallofthefollowingexcept...
     ?Thereasonfor...is...
     ?Theauthorstatesthat...
     ?;tothepassage,when...
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     ?Example:
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     ?;sevenyearsago,theJarvik-7artificialheartwasbeingcheeredasthemodelofhumancreativeness.ThesightofBarneyClark-aliveand;aftertradinghisdiseasedheartformet-al-and-plasticpump-convincedthepress,thepublicandmanydoctorsthatthefuturehadarrived.Ithadn’t.AftermonitoringproductionoftheJarvik-7,andreviewingitseffectsonthe150orsopatientstheU.S.FoodandDrugAdministrationconcludedthatthemachinewasdoingmoretoendangerlivesthantosavethem.Lastweektheagencycancelleditsearlierapproval,effectivelybanningthedevice.
     ?TherecallmayhurtSymbionInc.,makeroftheJarvik-7,butitwon’tendtherequestforanartificialheart.Oneproblemwiththebannedmodelisthatthetubesconnectingittoanexternalpowersourcecreatedapassageinfection.Inventorsarenowworkingonnewdevicesthatwouldbefullyplaced,alongwithatinypowerpack,inthepatient’schest.Thefirstsampleproductsaren’texpectedforanother10or20years.Butsomepeoplearealreadyworryingthatthey’11work-andthatAmerica’soverextendedhealthcareprogramsWilllosea;$2.5billionto$5billionayearprovidingthemforarelativelyfewdyingpatients.Ifsuchexpenditurescutintofundingformorebasiccare,the;effectcouldactuallybeadeclineinthenation’shealth.;tothepassagetheJarvik-7artificialheartprovedtobe________.
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     ?Aatechnicalfailure
     ?Batechnicalwonder
     ?Cagoodlife-saver
     ?Daneffectivemeanstotreatheartdisease
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     ?本题是考核学生根据止下文全面理解和进行正确判断的能力,问的是本文论述的Jarvik-7人造心脏性能和效果到底如何。文章一开头说Jarvik-7是一大技术成就,但文章说到:…the.U.S.FoodandDrugAdministrationconcludedthatthemachinewasdoingmoretoendangerlivesthantosavethem.后面又提到:Lastweektheagencycanceleditsearlierapproval,effectivelybanningthedevice.这两句话提供了这个问题的答案。因此,答案:
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     ?Thenewmodelsofartificialheartsareexpected_______.
     ?Atohaveaworkinglifeof10or20years
     ?Btobesetfullyinthepatient’schest
     ?Ctobeequippedwithanexternalpowersource
     ?Dtocreateanewpassageforinfection
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     ?本题是考核正确理解事实细节的能力。选项已的意思与文章中第二段第三句,即'Inventorsarenowworking…inthepatient’schest.'的意思符合,因此选项B是答案。
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